Call for papers

February 27, 2011

Special Issue of Business and Politics
Corporate Responsibility, Multinational Corporations, and Nation States

Guest Editors
Aseem Prakash, University of Washington, Seattle
Jennifer J. Griffin, The George Washington University

Corporate Responsibility (CR) has emerged as an important area of concern and
opportunity for multinational corporations. This special issue of Business and
Politics poses the following questions: how do multinationals respond to the
twin pressures of globalization and localization in deciding their CR policies
in subsidiaries? Under what conditions do multinationals grant autonomy to
their subsidiaries to give more salience to CR policies that address
country-specific (or community specific) needs as opposed to working within a
global CR strategy developed at the headquarters located abroad? Under what
conditions does the multi-domestic/global mix of the product-market strategy
align with the multi-domestic/global mix of CR strategies? We invite both
theoretical and empirical papers from all social science disciplines (business,
economics, political science, sociology, and public policy). We welcome all
methodological approaches.

Bartlett and Ghoshal (1989) identify three approaches (global, international,
multi-domestic) for multinationals to manage the twin pressures of
globalization and localization within product-markets. Global strategies are
predicated on an integrated (economic) world market encouraging firms to adopt
a common product-market strategy across countries. If political boundaries and
social customs significantly impact the nature of institutions, then global
strategies may be less useful. If the institutional context requires
responsiveness to local needs, multi-domestic strategies which require
transferring parents’ expertise and adapting to foreign markets may be
preferable. Analogous to the market environment, multinationals’ CR policies
face similar global-local tensions. Globalization creates incentives for
governments and all stakeholders including transnationally networked citizen
groups to influence firms and their subsidiary’s activities. These groups are
aided by new channels of information flows and a consolidating media industry
whereby local events are quickly transformed into transnational news. In
effect, multinationals face ‘two-level games’ (Putnam, 1988) in both
product-market and socio-political CR environments (the nonmarket environment,
Baron, 1995) where what they do in one sphere impacts the other one, and vice
versa (Prakash, 2002; Griffin and Koerber, 2011).

Yet, multinational need to make strategic choices. They can choose from a menu
of CR initiatives that focus on different issue areas, stakeholders or
functions and this can vary across their subsidiaries. Given that corporate
resources devoted to CR are finite, how do multinationals decide the scope and
scale of CR initiatives in different countries and how might this cohere with
their product-market strategies? For analytical simplicity we classify two
salient dimensions of CR initiatives, scope and type.

Scope of CR Initiatives
Global/Regional
Multinationals can design or subscribe to common CR initiatives which are
pursued across subsidiaries.  These initiatives can have a distinct home
country character or they might seek to reflect the core skills and expertise
of the firm (e.g., financial firms and financial literacy). Regardless of the
specific factor influencing CR design, the analytically important feature is
that these initiatives are pursued across subsidiaries (or across subsidiaries
in a given region) irrespective of nation state boundaries. They are woven into
global/regional corporate strategy and often reflect efforts at global/regional
branding.

Local/Domestic
At the other end of the continuum, multinationals might allow subsidiaries
considerable leeway in the choice and design of CR initiatives. Subsidiaries
may subscribe to national level CR initiatives organized by industry
associations without a global counterpart. Beyond some global principles, the
corporation is not committed to the pursuit of a specific type of CR or a
specific issue area.  The magnitude and direction of CR initiatives is directed
by local subsidiaries, local managers, or host country conditions.

Types of CR Initiatives
Multinationals have the opportunity to pursue CR in different issues areas
affecting different stakeholders. Indeed, the global-local choice may vary
depending on the type of CR being pursued. For analytical simplicity, we
identify the following types of CR initiatives where the multinational may
focus its efforts.

Functional
Human resources. These initiatives are directed toward raising the economic,
social, and political opportunities for employees, contract workers, and
potential employees in the workplace. They could seek to enhance employee
voice, improve employee benefits, wages, working conditions, and so on. They
could focus on a specific subset of employees or specific issues such as women
representation, diversity, stigma, and ethnic or linguistic capabilities. Often
directed toward internal stakeholders, workplace/labor CR initiatives often
appeal to pools of potential employees and broader actors via the media
influencing corporate reputation, trust, credibility and prestige.

Marketing. A key activity here is encompassing new product features, for
example, the introduction of seat belts by Volvo or the introduction of hybrid
cars by Toyota. Consumer?oriented CR encompasses product and process
innovations (e.g., less carbon, water, or energy content) as well as promotion,
advertising and distribution strategies. Green marketing, pass?through
philanthropy for consumers, improved product functionality (e.g.,
miniaturization), and new products (carbon offsets, etc.) are often the
earliest evidence of consumer oriented CR.

Supply chain. These initiatives are directed at securing the acquisition or
accumulation of needed inputs. Needed inputs include capital, raw materials,
and technology. Supply chain CR initiatives may focus on monitoring and
enforcement of supply chain codes of conduct; carbon, water or energy
footprints from the extended enterprise; developing supplier innovations or
securing sustainable supplies (e.g., concentrated detergent in smaller bottles,
minimizing packaging, and reforestation). This includes securing permits to
operate (e.g., licenses for mine sites, fishing permits), socially responsible
funding, or access to non?renewable resources.

Cross-Functional/Corporate
Development. These initiatives are directed at building social capital,
creating infrastructure and capabilities in communities to build commerce,
stabilize households, and improve public health, education, or general welfare.
These may be directed at the local community or at the underprivileged sections
of the society that may not be directly affected by the corporation. The
objectives are three: first, to enhance the human capital; second to improve
the physical infrastructure for the underprivileged to leverage their human
capital and third, to enhance the social capital of a given community.
Initiatives can range from providing tangible, bricks, and mortar resources for
community events such as hospitals and schools to a transferring of skills and
expertise (e.g., fundraising, project coordination, access to capital, grant
writing) for enhancing community infrastructure.

Environment. These initiatives seek to generate positive environmental
externalities or reduce the production of negative environmental externalities
associated with producing the organization’s goods and services. These
activities can be directed at specific actors (e.g., community groups impacted
by contaminated water streams) or institutions (e.g., investors, regulators).

Corporate governance. These initiatives seek to improve corporate governance
and voluntarily create new rules regulating the generation and/or the
disbursement of the residual or profit. These activities could seek to provide
for investor protection, new financial disclosure requirements, limits on
executive compensation, and so on.

In exploring the scope and type dimensions in multinational corporations and
their subsidiaries, papers might explore questions such as:

– How do home country factors influence what types of CR initiatives
multinationals might pursue abroad in their subsidiaries and the sequencing of
such initiatives?

– Similarly, how do host country factors influence what types of CR initiatives
multinationals might pursue in specific subsidiaries and the sequencing of such
initiative?

– How and why do CR initiatives of OECD multinationals differ from non-OECD
multinationals? Do they attach varying salience to home country and host
country factors? How do CR initiatives within South-to-South multinationals
differ from North-to-North multinationals?

– Do multinationals within specific sectors seek global CR initiatives? Under
what conditions, do multinationals defer to their subsidiaries regarding CR
policies and implementation? When is a blended approach to CR preferred?

– Does pursuit of CR differ in horizontal FDI as opposed to vertical FDI?

– Beyond subsidiaries, how and why multinationals differ regarding their
willingness to infuse their global supply chains or distribution chains with
CR?

– Do CR policies influence mode of entry? To what extent do multinationals view
CR as core to their strategy influencing their core business decisions?

– In what ways transaction cost and resource-based perspectives help us
understand how multinational corporations make CR choices?

– Does the absence of CR safeguards force multinationals to exit certain
markets? What lessons can be drawn from such experiences for understanding
theories of global business and nation states?

Tentative Dates and Timetable

– Initial submission: March 15, 2011

– CR Workshop for the short-listed papers in Seattle: May 5-6, 2011
Final submission: June 15, 2011

– Editors send papers out for review: July 1, 2011

– Authors invited to revise and resubmit: September 30, 2011

– Revised papers due: January 30, 2012

– Delivery of full set of papers and guest editors’ introductory paper: March
1, 2012

References
Baron, David. 1995. The Nonmarket Strategy System. Sloan Management Review,
Fall: 73-85.

Bartlett, C.A. and Ghoshal, S. 1989. Managing Across Borders. Boston, MA:
Harvard Business School Press.

Griffin, Jennifer and Koerber, Charles.  2011, forthcoming. Corporate
Responsibility and Management:  Understanding Global and Local Implications, in
Fort, T. L. (ed.) The Vision of the Firm and its Governance, Springer.

Prakash, Aseem. 2002. Beyond Seattle: Globalization, the Non?Market
Environment, and Business Strategy. Review of International Political Economy,
9(3): 513?537.

Putnam, Robert. 1988. Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level
Games. International Organization 42: 427-?60.

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Call for themes…

February 23, 2011

There’s a possible CSR angle for this conference…

1st International Conference in Entrepreneurship, Innovation and SMEs
3rd and 4th of November 2011
Ecole de Management de Normandie, Caen, France
Theme: Research in Entrepreneurship and Innovative SMEs: New Avenues

Conference chairs: Dr Roland Condor (EM Normandie, France) and
Dr Mine Karatas-Ozkan (University of Southampton, UK)

Keynote speakers: Professor Alistair Anderson (Robert Gordon University, UK)
and Professor Alain Fayolle (EM Lyon, France)

In recognition of the increasing importance of entrepreneurship and innovation in
organizations of all kinds, particularly in times of economic turbulence and
slowdown, the 2011 International Conference in Entrepreneurship and SMEs will
bring together state-of-the art research in the fields of innovation, entrepreneurship and SMEs.

The conference aims to offer access to research undertaken by those who seek to
generate insights to processes of entrepreneurship and innovation in public, private and third sector organizations, and SMEs in particular. The focus is on sustainable development of entrepreneurial organizations and the conference will offer an opportunity to find answers to critical management questions and challenges that are faced in building and sustaining such organizations. The conference will have a strong blend of academic, policy maker and practitioner delegates from across the world. It will include streams and papers on a range of topics pertaining to entrepreneurship, innovation and SMEs. Some of the topics include:
• Female entrepreneurship
• Entrepreneurial teams
• International entrepreneurship
• Social and responsible entrepreneurship
• Entrepreneurship and poverty
• Critical approaches to entrepreneurship
• Ethnic minority entrepreneurship
• Family businesses and entrepreneurship
• Opportunity development in entrepreneurial process
• Science/ technology entrepreneurship and innovation
• Leadership in entrepreneurial organizations
• Diversity management in entrepreneurial organizations
• Strategic management and innovation in entrepreneurial organizations
• Corporate Social Responsibility in SMEs

The conference will be hosted by the EM Normandie, which offers an attractive
conference site in Caen. The Ecole de Management de Normandie is one of the most
important business school in France, having three campuses in Caen, Le Havre and
Deauville. Entrepreneurship is one of the primary topics of the research at the
school. A young team of scholars is studying family business, entrepreneurial teams, entrepreneurial finance, venture creation and others topics in relation with
entrepreneurship and SMEs. The conference is organised as a part of an EU-funded
project with the School of Management, University of Southampton.
We are currently preparing content for the conference. The web site will be up and
running before the end of March with full information. We would like to invite you
to submit a stream proposal for the conference. All we need at this stage is a single
A4 page containing the following information to be sent to the conference chairs at
the following email addresses. r.condor@em-normandie.fr; mko@soton.ac.uk:
– A short title for your proposed stream (no more than five words)
– Stream proposers: name, institutional affiliation, and email addresses (no
more than three stream chairs per stream)
– Stream outline (rationale and key themes)
– Stream questions
– Stream keywords (maximum 5 words)
– Publication plans (such as themed special issues or edited books)

Some of you have already expressed interest and proposed streams. However, if we
can have the proposals in the above format, it would really simplify the process of
structuring the web site. We would also like to encourage innovation in design of
streams. For example, round table discussions or interactive sessions, or writers’
workshop style designs (with discussion of completed papers) could be proposed.
Please feel free to pass this information to other colleagues who may wish to propose streams. The deadline for receiving stream proposals is: 31 March 2011.


Call for Contributions

February 23, 2011

For the 10th Annual Colloquium of EABIS – The Academy of Business in Society

This conference will be hosted by INSEAD Business School on OCTOBER 26-28, 2011 in Fontainebleau, France.
A NEW ERA OF DEVELOPMENT: THE CHANGING ROLE & RESPONSIBILITIES
OF BUSINESS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

 

More details here


Call for papers

February 21, 2011

International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development (IJSESD)

Call For Papers – Special Issue

Submission Due Date: August 1, 2011

Special Issue On: “Sustainable Development in Emerging Economies”

Guest Editor: Dr. Mustafa Zihni TUNCA

 

Introduction

Sustainable development is an important social objective in the world. Many obstacles oppose the implementation of sustainable development in developing countries.  Approaching these issues that are the greatest challenges for implementing sustainable development in these countries can lead to a better understanding of how these issues can be addressed.

Emerging economies, which are the developing countries in the process of rapid growth and industrialization, inevitably play a significant role towards the achievement of sustainable development.  A close look at socio-economic, technological, and political changes in emerging economies can help us for a better understanding of the dynamics of sustainable development.

One of the major challenges facing emerging economies in their efforts to promote sustainable development is the expansion of information technologies (IT). IT is the key concept for sustainable economic development within both macro and micro perspectives as it can assist in addressing individual, organizational, regional, and global development. Hence, there is an imperative need for an in-depth, systematical investigation of the influence of information technologies on sustainable economic development in emerging economies.

Objective of the Special Issue

The objective of the special issues is to help both researchers and practitioners to develop a critical understanding of sustainable development in emerging economies with a special reference to information technologies. The special issue will bring together work from a range of disciplines to promote a multi-disciplinary perspective to develop practical and theoretical solutions to improve the economic, social, environmental, technological, educational, and administrative sustainability.

Recommended Topics

Topics to be discussed in this special issue include (but are not limited to) the following:

–              Sustainable development, economic development theories, policies and practices

–              Emerging & transition economies, developing & less developed countries

–              Globalization

–              Welfare and poverty

–              Foreign trade

–              Environmental policy and environmental management

–              Information and communication technologies

–              E-business, E-commerce, E-government, E-services

–              Digital divide

–              Knowledge society

–              Knowledge management

–              Public investments

–              Enterprise development

–              Financial institutions

–              Technological alliances

–              Innovation and entrepreneurship

–              Supply chain management

–              Policy making

Submission

Researchers and practitioners are invited to submit papers for this special issue on or before August 1, 2011. All submissions must be original and may not be under review by another publication. Interested authors should consult the journal’s guidelines for manuscript submissions at http://www.igi-global.com/Files/AuthorEditor/guidelinessubmission.pdf.  All submitted papers will be reviewed on a double-blind, peer review basis.

All submissions and inquiries should be directed to the attention of:

Dr. Mustafa Zihni TUNCA

Guest Editor

E-mail: tunca@iibf.sdu.edu.tr ; tunca@hotmail.com

and

Dr. Elias G. Carayannis

Editor-in-Chief, IJSESD

Email: caraye@gwu.edu


New text

February 18, 2011

ANNOUNCING A FORTHCOMING TITLE

Valuing Corporate Responsibility: How Do Investors Really Use Corporate Responsibility Information?
Rory Sullivan

http://www.greenleaf-publishing.com/productdetail.kmod?productid=3314&affid=lists

“Responsible investment” has become mainstream. But, despite the  volume of CR reports, reporters aren’t giving investors the  information they need. This book aims to get reporters and the  investment community speaking a common language.


Call for Papers

February 14, 2011


The 4th Rikkyo University-Northeastern University

International Business Studies Symposium:

“Developing Responsible Global Leaders”

June 22-23, 2011

Keynote Speaker:

Professor Stephen J. Kobrin,

William H. Wurster Professor of

Multinational Management,

The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

Keynote Panel:

Mark E. Mendenhall

J. Burton Frierson Chair of Excellence in Business Leadership

University of Tennessee-Chattanooga

Joyce S. Osland

Lucas Endowed Professor of Global Leadership

San Jose State University

 

Allan Bird

Darla and Frederick Brodsky Trustee Professor in Global Business

Northeastern University

Iris Berdrow

Associate Professor of Management

Director, Assurance of Learning Initiative

Bentley University

College of Business, Rikkyo University

Tokyo, Japan

__________________________________________

 

THEME: A continuing challenge in international business is that of developing responsible, competent global leaders.  Every large-scale survey of global business organizations since 1995 has identified a deficit of global leadership capability as the leading concern.  Similarly, recent surveys of business schools have identified increasing global leadership competence or skills as a key challenge.  These concerns reflect a far broader, societal-level concern that people at all levels of society have need of global consciousness and leadership capability.

 

The call for the development of globally competent leaders begs numerous questions, among them:  what constitutes competent and responsible global leadership?  How can it be developed?

 

 

SCHEDULE & FORMAT: The two-day symposium will involve academia and industry in exploring issues and challenges of global business to management, organization, and leadership.  The first day will set the tone with a keynote speech by Professor Stephen Kobrin followed by a panel discussion.  The second day will be devoted to paper sessions organized around a number of sub-themes focusing on global leadership, international business, and international finance.  It will also include a keynote panel of leading scholars on global leadership development.  Much of the program will be open to interested parties including students, faculty and industry representatives.

 

SUBMISSION: We welcome submissions of full papers of up to 20 pages exploring the conference theme from broad perspectives including global leadership, international business, and international finance.  Particular emphasis is placed on international dimensions of Japanese and Asian firms.  All submissions will be double-blind reviewed, and will be evaluated using the following criteria:  a) relevance of the topic to the symposium theme, b) analytical rigor, and c) innovativeness, among others.  Papers should be double-spaced, and should follow the referencing and formatting guidelines for the Journal of International Business Studies (see www.jibs.net).  Paper presenters will be invited to submit their manuscripts to a special edition of a leading Asian business journal.

 

Ö       Submission deadline:  Monday, 18 April, 2011

 

Ö       Acceptance notification:  Monday, 9 May, 2011

 

Ö       Submit your paper electronically (in Word or PDF format) to:  Dr. Toshiya Ozaki (ozakit@rikkyo.ac.jp), Prof. of International Business, Rikkyo University.

 

COST: There is no registration fee to participate in the symposium, however, it is the responsibility of participants to cover their own travel expenses.  Information about registration will be provided in late April.

 

PROGRAM CHAIRS: Dr. Nobuya Takezawa, Prof. of International Business, Rikkyo University and Dr. Allan Bird, Darla and Frederick Brodsky Trustee Professor of Global Business, Northeastern University.

 

ABOUT RIKKYO: Centrally located in the bustling Ikebukuro neighborhood of Tokyo, Rikkyo University is one of Japan’s oldest (founded in 1874) and nationally recognized universities.  Rikkyo’s tradition of innovative education is alive and well in the College of Business (COB), which has one of most competitive and highly ranked undergraduate business programs. For more information, visit: (http://cob.rikkyo.ac.jp/en/)

 

ABOUT Northeastern: Founded in 1898, Northeastern University is a private research university located in the heart of Boston.  Northeastern is a leader in worldwide experiential learning, urban engagement, and interdisciplinary research that meets global and societal needs.  Our broad mix of experience-based education programs—our signature cooperative education program, as well as student research, service learning, and global learning—build the connections that enable students to transform their lives.  For more information, visit: (http://www.cba.neu.edu/)

 

 

Toshiya Ozaki, PhD

Professor of International Business

Director, Master of International Business

College of Business, Rikkyo University

Toshima-ku, Tokyo, Japan 171-8501

Tel: 81-3-3985-4077 Fax: 81-3-3985-4085

http://cob.rikkyo.ac.jp/en/


Forget CSR, make money…

February 7, 2011

Some interesting insights into the state of CSR around the world in this short piece in The Economist (clicky). You’d need to look more deeply into the methodology before making any sweeping generalisations, but it’s interesting nevertheless.